Pollution of aqueous, terrestrial, and airborne environments by microplastic particles is increasing, and their presence in foods and drinking water has recently been reported. Often, these particles are unintentionally ingested and are present in human stool samples, according to a study published in Annals of Internal Medicine.
The risk for type 2 diabetes was significantly higher for patients who received a diagnosis of IBD from 2003 through 2014 versus those diagnosed from 1977 through 1988 or from 1989 through 2002 (SIRs, 1.79 versus 1.47 and 1.48, respectively).
In terms of benefit and risk, biologics were both considered more beneficial and riskier than immunomodulators. Bowel resection was considered to be slightly more risky, but more beneficial than biologic treatment.
Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis comprise the 2 primary subtypes of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). IBD currently has no known cure and whose pathogenesis is not well understood. However, an increasing amount of research points to genetic risk factors combined with antibiotic use and changes in intestinal microbiota as triggers for the onset of IBD.1,2…