It is unclear if alterations in the intestinal microbiota cause celiac disease, or if the changes are a result of celiac disease.
Researchers evaluated the prevalence of serologic immunity against hepatitis B virus in immunocompromised patients with pediatric-onset inflammatory bowel disease and rheumatologic diseases.
This study assessed the contribution of the proximal small intestinal microbiota to stunting in an undernourished pediatric population who did not respond to nutritional intervention.
This is the first study to report polymorphisms associated with long term response to anti-TNF treatment in pediatric patients with Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis.
A team of investigators studied the relationship between changes in liver histology and changes in body mass index, dyslipidemia, and measures of glucose homeostasis in children.
Treatment with ondansetron for pediatric gastrointestinal illnesses was associated with decreased rates of return to the emergency department or urgent care within 72 hours.
Although children appear to be at low risk for COVID-19, data suggests that prolonged fecal viral shedding may position children as potential carriers of the virus.
Children with GII.4 type norovirus had more severe symptoms and required more medical care.
Improved health outcomes and reduced costs seen with multidisciplinary care at hospitals with IPUs
Childhood mortality due to diarrhea remains high in some regions due to a combination of child growth failure, poor water, sanitation, and hygiene, and low oral rehydration therapy coverage.
The prevalence of pediatric eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) may be lower among children living in impoverished areas compared with others.
New polices, including testing for hepatitis C virus (HCV) during pregnancy, may increase HCV identification in the pediatric population by addressing gaps in maternal HCV testing.
With increasing numbers of countries implementing the use of the rotavirus vaccine, rotavirus and acute gastroenteritis hospitalizations and mortalities continue to show a sustained reduction.
A small but significant risk was seen for upper-limb and lower-limb fractures in children who received proton pump inhibitors.
A rotavirus vaccination program led to significant and sustained reductions in both hospitalizations and emergency department visits across the US.
Rotavirus vaccination seems not to be associated with type 1 diabetes in children.
An abnormal glucose tolerance test to screen for potential dumping syndrome around 3 months of age should be considered in infants born with esophageal atresia.
Omega 3 supplement consumption, at least 1 to 2 times per week, during pregnancy was significantly associated with a lower risk of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis.
During the period from 2010 to 2016, parents of children from low-income households were more likely to report recent childhood GI and respiratory illnesses than parents with a higher income.
A heterogeneous pattern on ultrasound examination of the liver may help identify children with cystic fibrosis at increased risk for developing advanced CF liver disease.