Investigators evaluated the safety and efficacy of Lactobacillus plantarum (LRCC5310), a probiotic organism, in children hospitalized with rotaviral gastroenteritis.
Researchers compared aminotransferase with platelet ratio index, liver transplantation, and mortality rates in children with intestinal failure-associated liver disease who received either fish oil- or soybean oil-based intravenous lipid emulsion therapy.
Celiac disease in children leads to an increased risk for functional constipation and irritable bowel syndrome compared with healthy controls.
The goal of this study was to describe changes in the microbiota, metabolome, and protease activity related to mucosal healing in established pediatric Crohn disease.
The goal of this study was to see if a lower dosage of zinc than 20 mg/d could decrease acute diarrhea in young children without increasing vomiting.
Developmental and behavioral functioning often associated with children diagnosed with ASD, such as sensory sensitivity, aggression, and sleep disorders, may be linked to a nonverbal manifestation of gastrointestinal symptoms.
Immunizations increased since May, but huge jump needed to make up for missed vaccinations since the spring.
It is unclear if alterations in the intestinal microbiota cause celiac disease, or if the changes are a result of celiac disease.
Researchers evaluated the prevalence of serologic immunity against hepatitis B virus in immunocompromised patients with pediatric-onset inflammatory bowel disease and rheumatologic diseases.
This study assessed the contribution of the proximal small intestinal microbiota to stunting in an undernourished pediatric population who did not respond to nutritional intervention.
This is the first study to report polymorphisms associated with long term response to anti-TNF treatment in pediatric patients with Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis.
A team of investigators studied the relationship between changes in liver histology and changes in body mass index, dyslipidemia, and measures of glucose homeostasis in children.
Treatment with ondansetron for pediatric gastrointestinal illnesses was associated with decreased rates of return to the emergency department or urgent care within 72 hours.
Although children appear to be at low risk for COVID-19, data suggests that prolonged fecal viral shedding may position children as potential carriers of the virus.
Children with GII.4 type norovirus had more severe symptoms and required more medical care.
Improved health outcomes and reduced costs seen with multidisciplinary care at hospitals with IPUs
Childhood mortality due to diarrhea remains high in some regions due to a combination of child growth failure, poor water, sanitation, and hygiene, and low oral rehydration therapy coverage.
The prevalence of pediatric eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) may be lower among children living in impoverished areas compared with others.
New polices, including testing for hepatitis C virus (HCV) during pregnancy, may increase HCV identification in the pediatric population by addressing gaps in maternal HCV testing.
With increasing numbers of countries implementing the use of the rotavirus vaccine, rotavirus and acute gastroenteritis hospitalizations and mortalities continue to show a sustained reduction.