Data on the composition and structure of the vaginal microbiome in women with genital Chlamydia trachomatis published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases revealed that Lactobacillus iners- dominated communities were most common post-treatment.
Patients with recurrent Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) were less likely to develop bloodstream infections (BSI) if treated with fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) compared with antibiotics.
The researchers concluded that this is the first study to investigate the mucosa-associated gut microbiome in an adult population-based cohort and that no distinct microbial signature was observed in IBS.
Prospective studies are needed to determine what changes are significantly associated with treatment, whether these changes are causes or effects of response, and whether the composition of the intestinal microbiome can be used to select treatments for patients with IBD.
Patients with recurrent Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) who receive treatment with fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) are less likely to develop a primary bloodstream infection (BSI) than those receiving antibiotics.
Among rhesus macaques, mother-reared infants more quickly acquired adult-typical microbiota and had higher levels of beneficial commensal taxa compared with Cesarean-delivered, human-reared, formula-fed infants.
Cirrhosis and chronic liver disease are endemic in the veteran population. These conditions — often associated with alcohol and substance use or obesity — can be exacer-bated by posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In turn, PTSD is often linked with great-er mortality from chronic liver disease.
The researchers discovered that while babies delivered vaginally received most of their gut bacteria from their mothers, babies delivered by cesarean birth did not. In addition, babies delivered by cesarean harbored more bacteria commonly associated with hospital.