Oral supplementation with 2 unique forms of human milk oligosaccharides can provide nutritional support that significantly reduces abnormal stool consistency, abdominal pain, and bloating and improves health-related quality of life in patients with IBS of all subtypes.
The study highlights the complexity of patients with necrotizing pancreatitis and the importance of early recognition of possible complications colonic and pleural complications.
Patients with bleeding gastrointestinal angiodysplasias who are receiving antithrombotic therapy have a lower probability of rebleeding when treated with hemoclips (in combination or as monotherapy), compared with the use of argon plasma photocoagulation.
In most cases of diagnostic esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) performed for refractory gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD), symptoms alone did not result in pathological findings that prompted a change in the patient’s GERD management.
Patients with suspected eosinophilic gastrointestinal disease (EGID) in the stomach or duodenum had an increased number of mucosal mast cells with or without mucosal eosinophilia.
There is a prevalence of conflicts of interest and lack of transparency of reporting conflicts of interest in gastroenterology guideline authors.
Traditional prognostic evaluation methods, ie, TNM staging, do not incorporate certain clinical and socioeconomic factors that impact patient survival.
Roughly 2 years postsurgery, objective parameters for esophageal emptying via timed barium esophagram in patients who received per-oral endoscopic myotomy returned to presurgery levels, or worse.
In patients with chronic constipation, the most common form of anorectal dysfunction is Type 1 dyssynergic defecation.
Zinc deficiency may perpetuate the underlying pathophysiology of IBS as well as associated psychiatric conditions, via the role zinc plays in the “brain-gut” axis, the immune system, and gastrointestinal barrier integrity.
Researchers compared patient characteristics, patterns of medication use, and comorbidities among elderly and younger patients with inflammatory bowel disease.
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a clinicopathologic disease for which proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are now considered a treatment option. Of children with EoE, 32% responded to high-dose proton pump inhibitor (HDPPI) therapy.
For both patients with ulcerative colitis and those with Crohn disease, psychiatric diagnoses were more common in those who were elderly (greater than 65 years old), women, and white, and those with psychiatric conditions more frequently had a history of alcohol abuse, tobacco and substance abuse, personality disorder, and corticosteroid use.
The study researchers concluded that the number of SBS hospitalizations increased by 54% during the last 10 years while in-hospital SBS mortality decreased by 27.5%, and that additional research is needed to determine the causes of increased hospitalization and improved mortality.
This study highlights a unique way to assess abdominal pain in patients with chronic pancreatitis; however, the practicality, both for the patient and the physician, may be challenging to incorporate into routine practice.
The incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding was noted in patients taking angiotensin II receptor blockers, and no association was found between proton pump inhibitors and gastrointestinal bleeding.
This study provides normative values for the bilateral lumbar and sacral-anorectal MEPs in healthy subject with no age or gender influence on rectal or anal MEP latency.
The researchers discovered significant differences and substantial heterogeneity in risk for GC among API subgroups. Substantial differences in all-cause survival among API subgroups were also observed.
In children with functional constipation, no clear improvement over placebo was observed for linaclotide; however, a trend for improved efficacy was observed at higher doses.
Resumption of warfarin post-hospitalization for gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) was associated with an increased risk for recurrent GIB compared with direct oral anticoagulants.