Joseph Kupferman, Author at Gastroenterology Advisor

Joseph Kupferman

All articles by Joseph Kupferman

HIV-Related Kidney Disease

Does this patient have HIV-related kidney disease? The classic HIV-related kidney disease is the entity that has been termed “HIV-associated nephropathy” or HIVAN. Affected patients, who are almost exclusively African or African-American, present with reduced kidney function and features of nephrotic syndrome. Most patients with HIVAN have significant HIV-related immunosuppression with low CD4 count and…

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